How to Convert Millisecond to Date in R

Master R

By Guangming Lang Comment

This post is updated based on Luca’s comments.

Sometimes, we receive data where the timestamps are milliseconds and we want to convert them to dates. This is quite easy in R. We just need to use the as.POSIXct() function. Here’s a function wrapper I wrote to make it even easier.

ms_to_date = function(ms, t0="1970-01-01", timezone) {
        ## @ms: a numeric vector of milliseconds (big integers of 13 digits)
        ## @t0: a string of the format "yyyy-mm-dd", specifying the date that
        ##      corresponds to 0 millisecond
        ## @timezone: a string specifying a timezone that can be recognized by R
        ## return: a POSIXct vector representing calendar dates and times        
        sec = ms / 1000
        as.POSIXct(sec, origin=t0, tz=timezone)
}

Here’s an example of how to use it:

date_in_sec = c(1348034028, 1348034031)
date_in_ms  = date_in_sec * 1000
ms_to_date(date_in_ms, timezone="America/Los_Angeles")
## [1] "2012-09-18 22:53:48 PDT" "2012-09-18 22:53:51 PDT"

If you enjoyed this post, get updates. It's FREE